The Sikh Calendar - 2021-2022, Samat 553 - Gurupurabs and Festival Dates


The Sikh Calendar - 2021-2022, Samat 553

Until the 13th of March, 1998, the Sikhs used a Hindu lunar calendar to determine their feast days. They now use their own Nanakshahi calendar which started on 14 March 1999 Gregorian (1 Chet 531 Nanakshahi ) and aligns with the Gregorian calendar as follows. The era (1 Chet 1 Nanakshahi) is the date of the birth of the 1st Guru, Nanak Dev, in the Punjab in 1469. Although there is an obvious relationship with the Hindu Solar Calendar, the Sikh Organization states that these dates are fixed relative to the Gregorian Calendar.

Gurupurabs

The Nanakshahi calendar is used for all the Gurupurabs (festivals marking events in the lives of the Gurus) except the birthday of Guru Nanak which continues to be celebrated according to the Hindu Lunar calendar on Katik Poornamashi. Events such as Maghi and Hola Mohalla continue to be celebrated according to the relevant calendars. Some Gurupurabs are considered more significant that others. These are the ones that commonly appear as holidays and are marked in bold type.

Gurpurabs mark the culmination of Prabhat Pheris, the early morning religious procession which goes around the localities singing shabads (hymns). These pheris generally start three weeks before the festival. Devotees offer sweets and tea when the procession passes their homes. The celebrations start with the three-day akhand path, in which the Guru Granth Sahib (the holy book of the Sikhs) is read continuously from beginning to end without a break. The conclusion of the reading coincides with the day of the festival. The Granth Sahib is also carried in procession on a float decorated with flowers throughout the village or city. Five armed guards, who represent the Panj Pyares, head the procession carrying Nishan Sahibs (the Sikh flag). Local bands play religious music and marching schoolchildren form a special part of the procession. Free sweets and langar (community lunches) are also offered to everyone irrespective of religious faith. Local volunteers serve it with a spirit of seva (service) and bhakti (devotion). Sikhs visit gurdwaras (Sikh temples) where special programmes are arranged and kirtans (religious songs) sung. Houses and gurdwaras are lit up to add to the festivities.

Sikh Calendar 2021-22 ~ Nanakshahi Samat 553

List of dates and events celebrated by Sikhs ordered by Gregorian Calendar.

January 2021

14thJorr Mela Shri Muktsar Sahib (Maghi)जोर मेला श्री मुक्त्सर साहिब1 Magh, 552
18thBirthday of Bhai Himmat Singhभाई हिम्मत सिंह की जन्म जयंती5 Magh, 552
20thBirthday of Guru Gobind Singhगुरु गोबिन्द सिंह की जन्म जयंती7 Magh, 552
27thBirthday of Baba Deep Singhबाबा दीप सिंह की जन्म जयंती14 Magh, 552
• Magh starts on 14th Jan
• Puranmaasi (पूर्णिमा / पूरनमासी): Jan 28th, 2021
• Masya (अमावस्या): Jan 13th, 2021



February 2021

9thWadda Ghallughara (Kup Rohira - Sangrur)बड़ा घल्लूघारा27 Magh, 552
11thBirthday of Sahibzada Ajit Singhसाहिबजादा अजीत सिंह की जन्म जयंती29 Magh, 552
21stSaka Nankana Sahibसाका ननकाना साहिब9 Phagun, 552
21stJaito Da Morcha (Faridkot)जैतो दा मोर्चा (फ़रिदकोट)9 Phagun, 552
25thBirthday of Guru Har Raiगुरु हर राय की जन्म जयंती13 Phagun, 552
27thBirthday of Bhagat Ravi Das Jiसंत गुरु रविदास की जन्म जयंती15 Phagun, 552
• Phagun starts on 12th Feb
• Puranmaasi (पूर्णिमा / पूरनमासी): Feb 27th, 2021
• Masya (अमावस्या): Feb 11th, 2021



March 2021

14thNew Year (Bikarmi Year 2078) Nanakshahi Samvat 553 startsविक्रम संवत 2078 व नानकशाही संवत 553 वर्ष का आरंभ1 Chet, 553
23rdMartyrdom day of Shaheed Bhagat Singhशहीद भगत सिंह का शहादत दिवस10 Chet, 553
25thMartyrdom day of Bhai Subheg Singhभाई सुभेग सिंह का शहीदी दिवस12 Chet, 553
25thMartyrdom day of Bhai Shabaz Singhभाई शबज सिंह का शहीदी दिवस12 Chet, 553
29thHola Mohallaहोला मोहल्ला16 Chet, 553
• Chet starts on 14th Mar
• Puranmaasi (पूर्णिमा / पूरनमासी): Mar 28th, 2021
• Masya (अमावस्या): Mar 13th, 2021



April 2021

6thBirthday of Sahibzada Jujhar Singhसाहिबजादा जुझार सिंह की जन्म जयंती24 Chet, 553
9thGurugaddi (Throne) Day of Guru Har Raiगुरु हर राय का गुरुगद्दी दिवस27 Chet, 553
13thGurugaddi (Throne) Day of Guru Amar Dasगुरु अमर दास का गुरुगद्दी दिवस31 Chet, 553
16thDeath anniversary of Guru Angad Devगुरू अंगद देव की पुण्यतिथि3 Vaisakh, 553
17thDeath anniversary of Guru Har Gobindगुरु हरगोबिंद की पुण्यतिथि4 Vaisakh, 553
24thBirthday of Bhai Mani Singh Kambojभाई मनी सिंह काम्बोज की जन्म जयंती11 Vaisakh, 553
25thDeath anniversary of Guru Har Krishanगुरु हर किशन की पुण्यतिथि12 Vaisakh, 553
25thGurugaddi (Throne) Day of Guru Tegh Bahadurगुरू तेग़ बहादुर का गुरुगद्दी दिवस12 Vaisakh, 553
• Vaisakh starts on 13th Apr
• Puranmaasi (पूर्णिमा / पूरनमासी): Apr 27th, 2021
• Masya (अमावस्या): Apr 11th, 2021



May 2021

1stBirthday of Guru Tegh Bahadurगुरू तेग़ बहादुर की जन्म जयंती18 Vaisakh, 553
3rdBirthday of Guru Arjan Devगुरु अर्जन देव की जन्म जयंती20 Vaisakh, 553
3rdMartyrdom day of 40 Mukte In Muktsarमुक्तसर में 40 मुक्तों का शहीदी दिवस20 Vaisakh, 553
12thBirthday of Guru Angad Devगुरू अंगद देव की जन्म जयंती29 Vaisakh, 553
17thChotta Ghallugharaछोटा घल्लूघारा3 Jeth, 553
25thBirthday of Guru Amar Dasगुरु अमर दास की जन्म जयंती11 Jeth, 553
• Jeth starts on 14th May
• Puranmaasi (पूर्णिमा / पूरनमासी): May 26th, 2021
• Masya (अमावस्या): May 11th, 2021



June 2021

2ndGurugaddi (Throne) Day of Guru Har Gobindगुरु हरगोबिंद का गुरुगद्दी दिवस19 Jeth, 553
4thBirthday of Bhai Mohkam Singh Kambojभाई मुहकम सिंह की जन्म जयंती21 Jeth, 553
14thDeath anniversary of Guru Arjan Devगुरु अर्जन देव की पुण्यतिथि31 Jeth, 553
25thBirthday of Guru Har Gobindगुरु हरगोबिंद की जन्म जयंती11 Harh, 553
25thDeath anniversary of Baba Banda Singh Bahadurबाबा बंदा सिंह बहादुर जी का शहीदी दिवस11 Harh, 553
• Harh starts on 15th Jun
• Puranmaasi (पूर्णिमा / पूरनमासी): Jun 24th, 2021
• Masya (अमावस्या): Jun 10th, 2021



July 2021

8thMartyrdom Day of Bhai Mani Singh Kamboj भाई मनी सिंह जी काम्बोज का शहीदी दिवस24 Harh, 553
16thMartyrdom Day of Bhai Taru Singh Jiभाई तारू सिंह का शहीदी दिवस1 Sawan, 553
19thMiri Piri Divasमीरी पीरी दिवस4 Sawan, 553
31stMartyrdom day of Shaheed Udham Singh Kambojशहीद उधम सिंह कम्बोज का शहीदी दिवस16 Sawan, 553
• Sawan starts 16th Jul
• Puranmaasi (पूर्णिमा / पूरनमासी): Jul 24th, 2021
• Masya (अमावस्या): Jul 9th, 2021



August 2021

2ndBirthday of Guru Har Krishanगुरु हर किशन की जन्म जयंती18 Sawan, 553
26thBirthday of Bhai Daya Singhभाई दया सिंह की जन्म जयंती10 Bhadon, 553
29thSampuranta Divas Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jiश्री गुरु ग्रंथ साहिब का संपूरणता दिवस13 Bhadon, 553
• Bhadon starts 16th Aug
• Puranmaasi (पूर्णिमा / पूरनमासी): Aug 22nd, 2021
• Masya (अमावस्या): Aug 8th, 2021



September 2021

8thGurugaddi (Throne) Day of Guru Arjan Devगुरु अर्जन देव का गुरुगद्दी दिवस23 Bhadon, 553
9thDeath anniversary of Guru Ram Dasगुरु राम दास की पुण्यतिथि24 Bhadon, 553
11thDeath anniversary of Bhai Gurdasभाई गुरदास की पुण्यतिथि26 Bhadon, 553
18thGurugaddi (Throne) Day of Guru Ram Dasगुरु राम दास का गुरुगद्दी दिवस2 Assu, 553
20thDeath anniversary of Guru Amar Dasगुरु अमर दास की पुण्यतिथि4 Assu, 553
26thGurugaddi (Throne) Day of Guru Angad Devगुरू अंगद देव का गुरुगद्दी दिवस10 Assu, 553
28thBirthday of Shaheed Bhagat Singhशहीद भगत सिंह की जन्म जयंती12 Assu, 553
• Assu starts 16th Sep
• Puranmaasi (पूर्णिमा / पूरनमासी): Sep 20th, 2021
• Masya (अमावस्या): Sep 7th, 2021



October 2021

1stDeath anniversary of Guru Nanak Devगुरु नानक देव की पुण्यतिथि15 Assu, 553
9thBirthday of Guru Ram Dasगुरु राम दास की जन्म जयंती23 Assu, 553
9thBirthday of Bhai Taru Singhभाई तारू सिंह की जन्म जयंती23 Assu, 553
16thBirthday of Baba Banda Singh Bahadurबाबा बंदा सिंह बहादुर जी की जन्म जयंती30 Assu, 553
23rdBirthday of Baba Buddhaबाबा बुड्ढा की जन्म जयंती6 Katak, 553
23rdBirthday of Bhai Dharam Singhभाई धरम सिंह की जन्म जयंती6 Katak, 553
30thDeath anniversary of Guru Har Raiगुरु हर राय की पुण्यतिथि13 Katak, 553
30thGurugaddi (Throne) Day of Guru Har Krishanगुरु हर किशन का गुरुगद्दी दिवस13 Katak, 553
30thSaka Panja Sahibसाका पंजा साहिब13 Katak, 553
• Katak starts 17th Oct
• Puranmaasi (पूर्णिमा / पूरनमासी): Oct 20th, 2021
• Masya (अमावस्या): Oct 6th, 2021



November 2021

3rdBirthday of Mata Sahib Kaur Ji (Mother of Khalsa)माता साहिब कौर की जन्म जयंती17 Katak, 553
4thBandi Chhor Dayबन्दी छोड़ दिवस18 Katak, 553
6thGurugaddi (Throne) Day of Guru Granth Sahibश्री गुरु ग्रन्थ साहिब जी का गुरुगद्दी दिवस20 Katak, 553
9thDeath anniversary of Guru Gobind Singhगुरु गोबिन्द सिंह की पुण्यतिथि23 Katak, 553
15thDeath anniversary of Baba Deep Singhबाबा दीप सिंह का शहीदी दिवस29 Katak, 553
19thBirthday of Guru Nanak Devगुरु नानक देव की जन्म जयंती3 Maghar, 553
30thBirthday of Sahibzada Zorawar Singhसाहिबजादा जोरावर सिंह की जन्म जयंती14 Maghar, 553
• Maghar starts 16th Nov
• Puranmaasi (पूर्णिमा / पूरनमासी): Nov 19th, 2021
• Masya (अमावस्या): Nov 4th, 2021



December 2021

6thGurugaddi (Throne) Day of Guru Gobind Singhगुरु गोबिन्द सिंह का गुरुगद्दी दिवस20 Maghar, 553
8thDeath anniversary of Guru Tegh Bahadurगुरू तेग़ बहादुर का शहीदी दिवस22 Maghar, 553
8thMartyrdom Day of Bhai Dayala Ji Kambojभाई दयाला जी काम्बोज का शहीदी दिवस22 Maghar, 553
14thBirthday of Sahibzada Fateh Singhसाहिबजादा फतेह सिंह की जन्म जयंती28 Maghar, 553
22ndDeath anniversary of Sahibzada Jujhar Singhसाहिबजादा जुझार सिंह का शहीदी दिवस7 Poh, 553
22ndDeath anniversary of Sahibzada Ajit Singhसाहिबजादा अजीत सिंह का शहीदी दिवस7 Poh, 553
22ndSaka Chamkaur Sahib Jiचमकौर का युद्ध7 Poh, 553
26thBirthday of Shaheed Udham Singh Kambojशहीद उधम सिंह कम्बोज का जन्मदिन11 Poh, 553
27thDeath anniversary of Sahibzada Zorawar Singhसाहिबजादा जोरावर सिंह का शहीदी दिवस12 Poh, 553
27thDeath anniversary of Sahibzada Fateh Singhसाहिबजादा फतेह सिंह का शहीदी दिवस12 Poh, 553
• Poh starts 15th Dec
• Puranmaasi (पूर्णिमा / पूरनमासी): Dec 19th, 2021
• Masya (अमावस्या): Dec 4th, 2021