Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Lahori was official biographer of the Emperor Shah Jahan and the teacher of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Little is known of the life of Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Lahori other than the works he composed. He is stated to be younger brother of Inayat-Allah Kamboh and worked as Shahi Dewan with Governor of Lahore. Muhammad Salih is best remembered for his work Amal-i Salih, also referred to as Shah Jahan Namah (The History of Shah Jahan), which work he completed in 1659-60 AD. Amal-i-Salih is an account of the life and reign of S hah Jahan. However, the work also includes information on Shah Jahan’s predecessors (particularly Akbar and Jahangir) and a compendium of biographies of the Shaikhs, poets, and other notables who were contemporaries with Shah Jahan. Muhammad Saleh Kamboh died in 1674 AD. Muhammad Saleh is well known as the court chronicler during Shah Jahan's reign, and his Aml-e-Salih or Shahjahanama is one of the most important original sources of Shahjahani events, and considered "proof of the author's great literary attainments and skill as writer of Persian poetry and prose." The mosque is said to date from 1070/1659 - 1079/1668-69 and is also known as the Chinianwali Masjid because of the extraordinary mosaic tile work (kashi kari) for which the reign of Shah Jahan was famous. Although it was completed during Aurangzeb's reign, but the usual Shahajahani features–multifoil arches, stalactite squinches, delicately executed floral arabesque and interlacement in kashi and fresco–are in evidence. Not surprising since it was constructed under the supervision of Shah Jahan's court historian. The mosque, small in size, based on a single-aisle 3-bay arrangement, is approachable through steps, and is surmounted by three domes. Because of space restriction instead of a permanent one there is a small removable pulpit which is stored away after the sermon. Its brick lined courtyard offsets the scintillating mosaic tilework on the east facade of the mosque to advantage. It is located in the Mochi Gate area of the walled city.
Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Tomb (Lahore)[caption id="attachment_1085" align="alignnone" width="300"] Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Tomb (Lahore)[/caption]
The much contested tomb of Muhammad Saleh Kamboh lies in the compound of St. Andrew's Church on Empress Road. According to Latif, the St. Andrew's Church was constructed over the grave of Muhammad Saleh Kamboh, the court chronicler of Emperor Shah Jahan and his brother Inayatullah.Muhammad Saleh Kamboh's Tomb, originally faced with red sandstone, suffered much damage during the Sikh Period when the domed section was utilized as a powder magazine. After British annexation, the structure served as a residence of an 'English gentleman' and became known as Seymour Sahib Ki Kothi–the domed portion being used as a carriage house. However, when the structure was converted into a church, side rooms were added, and it became known as St. Andrew's Railway Church. According to Kanhaiya Lal, the octagonal tomb was constructed by Muhammad Saleh Kamboh over the grave of his brother Sheikh Inayatullah upon his death in 1075 AH. Three years later, when Muhammad Saleh died, he was also buried alongside his brother. The sarcophagi were made of red sandstone, which like many others, were removed during Ranjit Singh's reign. There were turrents with cupolas on four sides, however; only one survives today. The stairs to the roof were in the south corner of the edifice. Presently, it is used as the principal's office for the school located in the church compound. The church authorities are adamant that it has been a part of the church for over a century and was never associated with anybody's tomb, however; the building clearly presents itself in the style of a Mughal tomb, corroborating with the accounts of historians Kanhaiya Lal and Latif. I love Okara and have many memories associated it. Our family owned agricultural lands and fruit orchards (Bagh) in the vicinity of Okara, in Gogera, in Karman Wala, and in Marula (North of Renala Khurd). Gogera used to be District Headquarters prior to Montgomery-Sahiwal during British Rule. I grew up in Lahore, but Okara was like a second home for us. In late 1970s, we moved to USA, and love it here, while my brother and sisters are still settled in Lahore. You can search for uzkmi, through Wikimapia Search Bar on top right and read more about my snippets or tidbits. - Usman Muhammad Khan
- July 07, 2012