Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Lahori


Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Lahori

Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Lahori was official biographer of the Emperor Shah Jahan and the teacher of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Little is known of the life of Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Lahori other than the works he composed. He is stated to be younger brother of Inayat-Allah Kamboh and worked as Shahi Dewan with Governor of Lahore. Muhammad Salih is best remembered for his work Amal-i Salih, also referred to as Shah Jahan Namah (The History of Shah Jahan), which work he completed in 1659-60 AD. Amal-i-Salih is an account of the life and reign of S hah Jahan. However, the work also includes information on Shah Jahan’s predecessors (particularly Akbar and Jahangir) and a compendium of biographies of the Shaikhs, poets, and other notables who were contemporaries with Shah Jahan. Muhammad Saleh Kamboh died in 1674 AD. Muhammad Saleh is well known as the court chronicler during Shah Jahan's reign, and his Aml-e-Salih or Shahjahanama is one of the most important original sources of Shahjahani events, and considered "proof of the author's great literary attainments and skill as writer of Persian poetry and prose."  The mosque is said to date from 1070/1659 - 1079/1668-69 and is also known as the Chinianwali Masjid because of the extraordinary mosaic tile work (kashi kari) for which the reign of Shah Jahan was famous. Although it was completed during Aurangzeb's reign, but the usual Shahajahani features–multifoil arches, stalactite squinches, delicately executed floral arabesque and interlacement in kashi and fresco–are in evidence. Not surprising since it was constructed under the supervision of Shah Jahan's court historian. The mosque, small in size, based on a single-aisle 3-bay arrangement, is approachable through steps, and is surmounted by three domes. Because of space restriction instead of a permanent one there is a small removable pulpit which is stored away after the sermon. Its brick lined courtyard offsets the scintillating mosaic tilework on the east facade of the mosque to advantage. It is located in the Mochi Gate area of the walled city.

Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Tomb (Lahore)

[caption id="attachment_1085" align="alignnone" width="300"]Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Tomb (Lahore) Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Tomb (Lahore)[/caption]

The much contested tomb of Muhammad Saleh Kamboh lies in the compound of St. Andrew's Church on Empress Road. According to Latif, the St. Andrew's Church was constructed over the grave of Muhammad Saleh Kamboh, the court chronicler of Emperor Shah Jahan and his brother Inayatullah.

Muhammad Saleh Kamboh's Tomb, originally faced with red sandstone, suffered much damage during the Sikh Period when the domed section was utilized as a powder magazine. After British annexation, the structure served as a residence of an 'English gentleman' and became known as Seymour Sahib Ki Kothi–the domed portion being used as a carriage house. However, when the structure was converted into a church, side rooms were added, and it became known as St. Andrew's Railway Church. According to Kanhaiya Lal, the octagonal tomb was constructed by Muhammad Saleh Kamboh over the grave of his brother Sheikh Inayatullah upon his death in 1075 AH. Three years later, when Muhammad Saleh died, he was also buried alongside his brother. The sarcophagi were made of red sandstone, which like many others, were removed during Ranjit Singh's reign. There were turrents with cupolas on four sides, however; only one survives today. The stairs to the roof were in the south corner of the edifice. Presently, it is used as the principal's office for the school located in the church compound. The church authorities are adamant that it has been a part of the church for over a century and was never associated with anybody's tomb, however; the building clearly presents itself in the style of a Mughal tomb, corroborating with the accounts of historians Kanhaiya Lal and Latif. I love Okara and have many memories associated it. Our family owned agricultural lands and fruit orchards (Bagh) in the vicinity of Okara, in Gogera, in Karman Wala, and in Marula (North of Renala Khurd). Gogera used to be District Headquarters prior to Montgomery-Sahiwal during British Rule. I grew up in Lahore, but Okara was like a second home for us. In late 1970s, we moved to USA, and love it here, while my brother and sisters are still settled in Lahore. You can search for uzkmi, through Wikimapia Search Bar on top right and read more about my snippets or tidbits. - Usman Muhammad Khan
 Ghulam Hussain
  • July 07, 2012
[caption id="attachment_1080" align="alignnone" width="456"]Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Mosque Lahore Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Mosque Lahore[/caption] LAHORE: Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Mosque was an important building of the Mughal era in Lahore, but like other ancient structures, it has also been neglected by the authorities concerned. The more than 450-year-old mosque was once a very beautiful and unique heritage. It is situated inside the Mochi Gate of the Walled City, and declared a protected heritage. However, the negligence of the Archaeology Department and the Auqaf Department ? responsible for its maintenance ? has left this structure at the mercy of locals. It has been learnt that neither of the departments spent a single penny on its preservation or renovation. This Mughal-era heritage can be preserved and restored to its original shape if the authorities concerned take notice of its condition. The Anjuman Tajiran Mochi Gate look after this site on their own. This mosque was constructed in 1659 by Muhammad Saleh Kamboh, whom Emperor Shah Jehan had appointed the dewaan (governor) of Punjab due to his sharp wisdom. He was also appointed as the ataleeq (teacher) of his son Aurangzeb Alamgir. Rai Bahadur Kanhaiya Lal, the author of the 'History of Lahore', writes about this mosque: "This wonderful mosque is situated inside the Mochi Gate. Whoever enters the city through Mochi Gate finds this magnificent and colourful building straight from the Mochi Gate. This small mosque was once very comprehensive and beautiful." According to Qari Zahoor Ahmad Siyalvi, who serviced as an imam of this mosque for 37 years, said that the Archaeology Department and the Auqaf Department did nothing for its preservation in the last 25 years. He revealed that the locals and the market committee had written several applications to the Archaeology Department for the building's renovation, but the authorities did not pay heed to the requests. He also disclosed that Hamza Shahbaz Sharif had visited the mosque twice to offer prayers. "We also requested him to pay attention to the condition of the mosque. He promised us preservation of the mosque, but never fulfilled it." The whitewash on the walls of the mosque has come off at some places, and cracks have developed in its three domes. The president of the market committee, Haji Liaqat Ali Kamboh, revealed that the Punjab government had approved a Rs 1.9 million grant for the renovation of the mosque last year, but the departments concerned spent nothing from it. He said the Archaeology Department should grant the committee permission to maintain it. "We will restore it like the Niwi Masjid of Paaper Mandi," he said, adding that the department would not allow it. Source: http://kambohmag.net/historical_place/masjid_saleh.php  

Deepak Kamboj

Deepak Kamboj started and conceptualized the powerful interactive platform - KambojSociety.com in September 2002, which today is the biggest and most popular online community portal for Kambojas in the world. He was inspired by the social and community work carried out by his father Shri Nanak Chand Kamboj. He has done research on the history, social aspects, political growth and economical situation of the Kamboj community. Deepak Kamboj is an author of various articles about the history of Kamboj community and people.