Zubairi, or Zuberi (Arabic: ?????), is a family name in South Asia and the Middle East. In Arabic, Zubair means Superior. The Zubairi Kambojas of the South Asia claim to be the descendants of Zubair ibn al-Awam. But the scholar community ascribes to them the same origin as to the other Kambojas.
Zubairi family history
The Zubairi family's lineage is traceable to the time of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Zubair ibn al-Awam was a first cousin of Muhammad and was among his close companions. He was known as a skilled military strategist and conquered Egypt in 19 AH (640 AD). He died in 36 AH (656 AD) and was buried in Basra, near the border of Kuwait and Iraq. The town at this location was then named Al-Zubair.
Zubair had 12 sons and 9 daughters. Three of his sons were Abdullah, Musab and Urwah. Abdullah was a Muslim caliph at Makkah, Musab was the governor of Kufa in 73 AH (692 AD), and Urwa was the first Muslim historian.
Almost 50 years after the conquest of Sindh by Muhammad Bin Qasim, many Zubairi families started migrating from Makkah and Medina to Sindh. Most of them settled near modern day Dadu, Pakistan. By the end of the 4th century AH (11th century AD), some Zubairis had migrated from Sindh to Multan. During the 14th century AD, a portion of the Zubairi population migrated to Delhi. Sheikh Samauddin Zubairi was a Sufi who led this migration.
After several generations of migration in various directions, there were Zubairi populations in Lahore, Panipat, Delhi, Lucknow, and Sambhal. During the regime of Mughal Emperor Akbar, some Zubairis also settled in Meerut. Marehra also became a center of the family's activities in the 15th century AD. In Marehra, the largest concentration of Zubairis was located in Kanboh Mohallah. Around 100 of the houses in Marehra were at the time Zubairi-owned. The Kamboh tribe has no connection with the Zubairi family history - this misconception arises due to their living in Mahrera.
In the years following the independence of Pakistan in 1947, most of the Zubairi family had migrated from India to Pakistan and settled in Karachi, Lahore and Rawalpindi. Today, much of the Zubairi population is settled all over the world in countries including Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia and elsewhere in Europe and the Middle East.