Kumbhoj (pronounced as kam'bho'j) is the name of an ancient town located in Kolhapur district in Maharashtra. The town is about eight kilometers from Hatkanangale, about twenty seven kilometers from Kolhapur and currently, also is the Taluka or Tehsil Headquarters. The famous Jain Tirtha (pilgrim place) known as Bahubali, is just two kilometers away from the Kumbhoj city.
Geographically, Kumbhoj is located at a latitude (DMS) of 16░ 49' 60 N and longitude (DMS) of 74░ 25' 60 E.
As the name itself suggests, Kumbhoj seems to be connected with well-known ancient term Kamboja of Sanskrit/Pali literature.
Alternative name of Kumbhoj is Kumboj (=Kamboj). The former name is apparently free from Iranian or Paisaci influence since Maharashtra location was far removed from the north-west division of ancient India. Kamboj is the standard name found in numerous ancient Sanskrit and Pali texts.
Padma Vibhushan Dr. Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil, a renowned social worker and philanthropist was born at Kumbhoj.
Bahubali at Kumbhoj is identical to the Bahubali of Shravanabelagola known as Gomateshwar to the south in Karnataka.
During the second century BCE, a section of Kambojas from Central Asia had joined the great tribal movement from Central Asia and, in alliance with the Sakas, Pahlavas, Abhiras etc., they are known to have spread into western and southwestern parts of India. One section of those Kambojas appears to have given their name to this coastal town of southwest India. There is said to be a microscopic Jain community, predominantly agrarian, called Kambhoj living near Nanded in Maharashtra.
Kumbhoj was very ancient village where Devi Shakambari has visited. There is a temple of Devi Shakambari which has close relation from Banashankari near Badami. This village was mainly ruled by Brahmins whose surname was "Kulkarni" (now they are migrated from this village and changed their names to "Kumbhojkar") who were integral part of Chatrapati Shahu Maharaj' team for consulting them and providing suggestions over critical and political issues.
There is a reference to sage Kumbhoja (q.v.) who finds reference in southern Indian recensions of Ramayana. He seems to have lived somewhere on the banks of river Godavari, in southwest India during Ramayana times. Seems like sage Kambhoja originally belonged to northwest and had migrated to south of Vindhya on river Godawri.
The Shakambari Madir needs cultivation through Archeological Survey of India.
Kumbhoj is nowadays famous for the agriculture land where sugar cane farming is popular.
Miraj railway junction is one of the busiest in western India with four railway lines connecting it. Miraj is connected to all major Indian cities by express and superfast trains which include Karnataka Sampark Kranti (KSK) express, Chandigarh Sampark Kranti express, Goa express, Mumbai Hubli express, Yeswantpur Miraj express, Pondhichery express, Tirunelveli express, Suvarnajayanti express, Chalukya express, Shravati express, Bangalore Jodhpur express, Bangalore Ajmer express, Bangalore Gandhidham express, Mahalaxmi express, Sahyadri express, Koyna express, Rani Chenamma express, Haripriya express, Miraj Hubli express, Kolhapur Hyderabad express, Kolhapur Solapur express, Maharashtra express, Deekshabhoomi express and many other passenger trains.
Miraj railway junction is 24аkm from Kumbhoj. There are private cars from Miraj station that reach Kumbhoj in 20 minutes.
Sangli station is 27аkm from Kumbhoj. Passengers coming to Kumbhoj prefer to get down at Sangli station and take darshan at various jain temples in Sangli and then proceed to Kumbhoj for worship.
Hatkanangale station is 4аkm from Kumbhoj. Few trains going towards Kolhapur stop at Hatkanangale. For trains running on the Pune-Miraj-Hubli mainline, one can travel from Miraj junction. Vegetarian jain food is served at Miraj junction by Miraj Jain Temple for people travelling via Miraj junction.
From Mumbai or Bangalore you can reach by bus also and from Kolhapur to Kumbhoj from Kolhapur and Sangli you can reach this place by buses running Maharatra State Road transport (called as ST-Bus) or by car.
Mahamastakabhishek (Maha-mastak-abhishek = Grand religious ablution from head) happens in every 12 years. This pious event runs for continuous 7 days with witnessing thousands of pilgrims across the country.
The Dakshin Bharat Jain Sabha is a religious and social service organization of the Jains of South India. The organization is headquartered at Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India.
The association is credited with being one of the first Jain associations to start reform movements among the Jains in modern India.
The organization mainly seeks to represent the interests of the native Jains of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa.
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- The Assembly of Listeners: Jains in Society - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-01-30.
- A World Religions Reader - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-01-30.